Legislation

 

Enjoyment of tobacco has historically been banned from religious, ethical, medical, environmental and other reasons. Smokers are related to the pillory. Roman pope threatened excommunication from the church in Russia and Turkey are smokers cut nose in Iran were strangled in the smoke, etc. The first victim of anti-smoking campaign was Columbus's sailor named Rodrigo de Jerez, who returned to Spain and continue to smoke It was condemned by the Inquisition to the heavy sentence because of connections with the devil, and the proof was the smoke come out of his mouth and nose.

 

The biggest opponents of smoking were the English King James I, Ottoman Sultan Murad IV, Pope Urban II, the Persian Shah Abbas and others. Pamfletski label against tobacco and smoking, which is 1604th he wrote the English King James I called Misocapnos "(Greek: Mize - hate, capnos - dim), was probably the first anti-smoking article. He says that this habit "disgusting to the eyes, nose heinous, dangerous to the lungs, and the black stinking smoke reminiscent of the tough smoke." Henry VIII was beat smokers and those who are ušmrkivali tobacco, snuff, and stripped of his collection. The first tobacco shops were still open in England. In William Shakespeare's time people are smokers, and in theaters.

 

Fifties and sixties of the twentieth century, first from the USA and from other countries, began intensive research on the harmfulness of smoking and its impact on health. With the advent of reports of American health care (aka Terry jev-report) on the impact of smoke on respiratory diseases and its direct link with lung cancer, intensifies the anti-smoking campaigns, different types of bans, pack warnings, etc.

 

Development and future of the tobacco industry will continue to closely related to the relationship of health and smoking. The tobacco industry has a variety of technological processes adapted to consumer demands and various restrictions, since the introduction of more efficient filters, venting cigarette smoke dilution, expandiranja tobacco, with the purpose of reducing harmful substances in tobacco smoke (which is already done in relation to cigarettes of 20 -30 years). Application of different additives and the production of quality tobacco smoke have contributed to maintain the appropriate taste and physiological satisfaction.

 

Despite the hazards of smoking, milionskih legal disputes with multinational companies, the tobacco industry's legal activity that full budgets of all national economies, and tobacco, with good reason called "Herba fiscalae. Ever since the first days of expansion, tobacco was a source of revenue for the budget of many countries. Cardinal Richelieu, the French Minister, and the English King Charles I, first introduced the tax on tobacco products. Today's share of revenue from tobacco in the budgets of individual countries varies from 6-20%.