About Tobacco

 

The term refers to the tobacco plant, industrial raw materials and means of enjoyment. Tobacco makes the whole reproductive cycle of primary tobacco production to a variety of tobacco products whose quality characteristics depend on the performance of individual phases.

 

Some tobacco among the industrial plants (flax, cotton, soybeans, sugar beets), and others in the group of stimulants (coffee, tea, cocoa).

 

The word "tobacco" comes from the word "Tobago" or "tobacco", as it names the natives of the Caribbean island gave inverted roll of tobacco leaves. This comes via the Spanish transferred into other languages, a Latin name is derived tabacum.

 

The word "tobacco" is a Balkan turcizam Arab origin and means "smoke". It is a herbaceous, mostly annual plant of the family Solanaceae that of other cultivated species in this family (peppers, tomatoes, potatoes, etc.) differs in that it is leading the alkaloid nicotine, which makes the whole genus named Nicotiana.

 

In the genus Nicotiana have been identified around 70 species but only two have a commercial value: Nicotiana tabacum L. and Nicotiana rustica L (it is now a marginal, no commercial value, except in Russia, some Asian countries of the former USSR and the Middle East and Indian subcontinent).

 

Nicotiana tabacum stems from andskog parts of South America, and now cultivated in over 120 countries on all 5 continents, with a total production of over 6 million tons. It is a tropical and subtropical plant, but until now spreading to temperate climatic zone of 56 degrees north to 38 degrees south latitude (from Sweden to New Zealand). Due to their good adaptability to external conditions of Nicotiana tabacum have been developed many varieties and types of tobacco, according to a variety of biological characteristics and usefulness of values. Area under tobacco in the world is just around the arable land per thousand.

 

Each of these forms had its moment in world history, and today the dominant cigarette.

 

Cigar was probably the oldest form of tobacco enjoyment. The name comes from the tribe of Maya who have smoked them first and called it a "goal" or "chic", which means combustible.

 

A cigarette is a product of a specific length and diameter, made of cut tobacco wrapped in paper, and the name means "little cigars". The first came from Central America, where tobacco umotavan in corn leaf, and since 1874. year was 2758 billion pieces in 1997. was 5754 million units, despite the pronounced anti-pušačkoj campaign in the world.

 

No other finished product in the world has not reached these figures. If all of these cigarettes fused end to end would cover the distance earth-moon around 1150 times.

 

Types of cigarettes that are enjoyed are closely connected with other scourges of mankind - war. After the Crimean War (1853-1856.) In the wider Europe, Oriental tobacco, and after the Second World War in Europe and worldwide spread American blend type cigarettes.